Sulfuric acid - McGill School Of Computer Science

10%, dilute sulfuric acid for laboratory use (pH 1) 33.5%, battery acid (used in lead-acid batteries) (pH 0.5) 62.18%, chamber or fertilizer acid (pH about 0.4) 77.67%, tower or Glover acid (pH about 0.25) 98%, concentrated (pH about 0.1) Since sulfuric acid is a strong acid, a 0.50 M solution of sulfuric acid has a pH close to zero.

Hydroponic Vegetable Production | Aggie Horticulture

Sulfuric acid is probably the best acid with which to lower the pH. However, it is dangerous and extreme care should be taken with its use. When using acids, always add the acid to the water, do not add water to the acid which can cause acid to splatter. Muriatic acid as well as nitric acid could also be used to lower pH.

The Role of Sulphuric Acid in Copper Plating

2004. A. The sulfuric acid in a copper electrolyte is there for two reasons, one is to keep the copper in solution, you only used a 0,1 m solution, if you use higher concentrations your copper sulfate will partially get Cu(OH) 2.Also the sulfuric acid gives you a better conductivity and with this comes a better throwing power.

Composition of titanium arsenate precipitated from ...

By addition of titanium(IV) compounds (hydroxides, sulfates) to sulfuric acid electrolytes used for copper refining, arsenic and antimony can be precipitated selectively as titanium arsenates and antimonates, while the purified solution is recycled for electrolysis. This procedure has been adopted in one of the authors metallurgical plants.

Sulfuric acid - CreationWiki, the encyclopedia of creation ...

Sulfuric acid is considered as one of the most essential industrial chemicals, or compounds, and on top of that, it is one of the least expensive acids.In fact, it is the most manufactured chemical per year. In 1990, the scientists recorded that more than 100 billion pounds (that is, 45 billion kilograms or more) of sulfuric acid were produced only in the United States because of the …

Sulfuric acid | National Pollutant Inventory

No guideline specifically for sulfuric acid, although the guideline value for pH (a measure of the acidity or alkalinity of water) is in the range 6.5 to 9.0 for fresh water. Industry sources The primary sources of sulfuric acid emissions are the industries that manufacture it or use it in production.

US3586498A - Process for the selective separation of ...

a process for the separation of ferric sulfate from copper in a sulfuric acid leach solution, followed by precipitation of the copper from the leach solution by means of the addition of metallic iron. the process is characterized by the selective separation of ferric sulfate from copper in the sulfuric acid leach solution, prior to precipitation of the copper, by the addition of a carbonate salt.

(PDF) Recovery of Copper Sulphate from Sulphuric Acid ...

Copper was precipitated using acetone in the form of copper sulphate (CuSO4.5H2O) from copper-rich PLS (≈27 g/L Cu) with an almost complete recovery of copper (99.7%).

Corrosion of carbon steel pipes and tanks by concentrated ...

The corrosion of carbon steel storage tanks and pipes by concentrated sulfuric acid is a great concern. The contact of carbon steel with concentrated sulfuric acid generates an immediate acid attack with the formation of hydrogen gas and ferrous ions, which, in turn, form a protective layer of FeSO 4 on the metallic surface. This work presents a review of carbon steel corrosion in concentrated ...

Effluent Treatment - Sulphuric Acid

Precipitation can take place in low pH solutions (i.e. arsenic) or in high pH solutions (zinc, lead, copper, etc.). The choice of precipitation methods is based on the solubility of the salt in solution, the subsequent disposal method and/or further processing of the salt.

Sulfuric Acid Storage Tanks & Specifications

Sulfuric Acid Storage Tanks are manufactured from HDPE, XLPE, FRP, and Carbon Steel at 1.9 specific gravity. Secondary containment is required. H₂SO₄ is best stored out of direct sunlight. Tank capacities range from 35 to 100,000 gallons. Prices range from $300 to $150,000.

pH and Water - USGS

pH is a measure of how acidic/basic water is. The range goes from 0 to 14, with 7 being neutral. pHs of less than 7 indicate acidity, whereas a pH of greater than 7 indicates a base. pH is really a measure of the relative amount of free hydrogen and hydroxyl ions in the water.

Safe and Suitable Ingredients - Home | Food Safety and ...

Acidifiers/Alkalizers A combination of sulfuric acid, ammonium sulfate, copper sulfate, and water To adjust the pH in meat and ... water in meat and poultry plants An aqueous solution of citric acid, hydrochloric acid, and phosphoric acid, sufficient for ... bisulfate and sulfuric acid pH control agent in water used in poultry processing

Sulfuric acid - Wikipedia

Sulfuric acid (American spelling) or sulphuric acid (Commonwealth spelling), also known as oil of vitriol, is a mineral acid composed of the elements sulfur, oxygen and hydrogen, with molecular formula H 2 SO 4.It is a colorless, odorless and viscous liquid that is miscible with water.. The acid in pure form is highly corrosive towards other materials, as it is an oxidant and has a strong ...

Copper Smelting - IFC

Modern plants using good industrial practices should set as targets total dust releases of 0.5–1.0 kg/t of copper and SO. 2 . discharges of 25 kg/t of copper. A double-contact, double-absorption plant should emit no more than 0.2 kg of sulfur dioxide per ton of sulfuric acid produced (based on a conversion efficiency of 99.7%). Emissions ...

Lowering the Soil pH with Sulfur. Mark Longstroth ...

Ferrous sulfate also decreases soil pH, but it is more costly to use than sulfur. Eight times more ferrous sulfate is needed than elemental sulfur. The ferrous sulfate reaction is quicker, since this salt disassociates into iron and sulfuric acid. The iron binds to the clay or precipitates out of the soil solution leaving the sulfuric acid.

Work starts on plant to treat mine waste water in Belt Creek

1 The pyrite breaks down, forming iron hydroxide and sulfuric acid. Water discharged from the mine becomes acidic, with a pH factor roughly equivalent to Coca-Cola.


"Acid Rain," or more precisely acid precipitation, is the word used to describe rainfall that has a pH level of less than 5.6. This form of air pollution is currently a subject of great controversy because of it's worldwide environmental damages. For the last ten years, this phenomenon has brought destruction to thousands of lakes and streams in the United States, Canada, and parts of Europe.

How is sulphuric acid responsible for acid rain? - Quora

Answer: Sulfuric acid is not responsible for acid rain. Sulfuric acid is one of the properties (qualities) of acid rain, which helps to distinguish it from regular rain. The presence of sulfuric acid (small amounts) in the rain water is what qualifies it as "acid rain". If the sulfuric acid, or...

Reacting copper(II) oxide with sulfuric acid | Experiment ...

The copper(II) oxide powder can be provided in approximately 1 g quantities in labelled specimen tubes or plastic weighing boats. Dilute sulfuric acid, H 2 SO 4 (aq), (IRRITANT at concentration used) – see CLEAPSS Hazcard HC098a. 20 cm 3 of the dilute sulfuric acid …

Copper Leaching Method

When the copper to be extracted is found mineralized as a sulphide the use of sulphuric acid as lixiviant necessitates breaking up the sulphur combinations by roasting in order that the metal can be brought into soluble form. This operation, however, instead of being a drawback, presents advantages.

Copper Dissoliution in Concentrated Sulfuric Acid

Copper reacted with concentrated sulfuric acid only when heated and precipitation of black deposit was observed (Figure 1). The amount of black deposit in the acid and on the surface of copper depended on the method and intensity of heating: heating …

"Sulfuric acid" – WriteWork - Essays and Papers for Students

The Effect of Acid Rain on Seed Germination w/ headings and sub-headings. o rain or snow with pH less than 5.6. It isusually created because of the presence of nitric and/or sulfuric acid in the atmosphere and it alsoaffects everything it touches, including buildings, plant ... (6 pages) 127 1 4.3 Jan/2003 Subjects: Science Essays > Environmental Science

How to make sulphuric acid from sulphur - Quora

Answer (1 of 3): Take the sulfur and burn it with oxygen to make SO2. S + O2 --> SO2 Then, direct the stream of SO2 gas into a reactor bed with some vanadium pentoxide catalyst and extra oxygen gas to make sulfur trioxide gas which is the acid anhydride of sulfuric acid. 2SO2 + O2 --V2O5--> 2S...


metal oxide and sulfuric acid. The Minnesota ores are mostly very low in sulfide content. Acidity and alkalinity are indicated partly by the "pH" of water or other material. A pH of 7 is neutral, while pH's of less than 7 are described as acidic, and pH's over 7 are alkaline. A pH in the range of 6 to 8 is broadly

How does mine drainage occur? - USGS

Mine drainage is formed when pyrite (an iron sulfide) is exposed and reacts with air and water to form sulfuric acid and dissolved iron. Some or all of this iron can precipitate to form the red, orange, or yellow sediments in the bottom of streams containing mine drainage. The acid runoff further dissolves heavy metals such as copper, lead, and mercury into groundwater or

Sulfuric acid | H2SO4 - PubChem

Sulfuric acid | H2SO4 - PubChem. National Center for Biotechnology Information. 8600 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD, 20894 USA. Contact. Policies. FOIA. National Library of Medicine. National Institutes of Health. Department of Health and Human Services.

Sulfamic Acid: Uses, Industrial Applications, and Benefits

Sulfamic acid is a safe and powerful acid, which is suitable for descaling applications and acid cleaning. One of the most common use of sulfamic acid is for descaling heating coils and heated vessels in the food handling premises owing to its ability to quickly dissolve hardness deposits without objectionable odors or fumes.

What is Acidity - Vermont

Vermont had three major copper mines operating from 1800-1958: Elizabeth, Ely and Pike Hill. All three mines are now closed, but the tailing piles left behind have caused acidification and the release of heavy metals in downstream waterbodies. Historically, sulfuric acid was used to extract copper from the ore,

Cooling Towers - Sulphuric Acid

In acid plant cooling towers the predominant building material is wood. Steel towers are used occasionally while concrete towers are rarely used. In wooden towers, Californian Redwood and Douglas Fir are the two most extensively used woods. All wood used in a cooling tower must be treated with a preservative to prevent decay.